The National Fire Academy in Emmitsburg, MD offers year-round student internships. See https://www.usfa.fema.gov/grants/

There are "bunker" programs around the US which allow college students to work in (and usually live in) firehouses. We know of only these at this time in NY State:

Onondaga Community College (315-469-2671) has opportunities for their fire science students to stay in fire stations in surrounding communities.

North Syracuse has a program for students headed to Syracuse Univ., LeMoyne, SUNY Oswego and Onondaga CC. Contact Capt Christopher Strong at cstrong@northsyracusefire.com

A program is also in place at Schenectady Community College http://www.sunysccc.edu 

Cortlandville FD has a program with SUNY Cortland (which again has no fire science program.) 

Brighton (http://www.brightonfd.org/volunteer/ ).
If this interests you the Brighton Fire Department will host an informational meeting for student firefighters interested in joining our live-in program for the 2017-2018 academic year.The informational session will be held at Brighton Fire Station One (3100 East Avenue, Rochester) in March 2017 on a to-be-schedule Saturday morning at 11am.

Applicants should contact Deputy Chief Scott Wihlen (Scott.Wihlen@BrightonFD.org) in advance for information on the program and program requirements.

The Montour Falls FD has a bunker program in connection with Corning Comm. College. Contact Jim Ryan at mffiredept@stny.rr.com ,

Two students/volunteer firefighters a year at Clinton Community College are given free dorm housing in exchange for working 15 hours a week at So. Plattsburgh Fire District. Contact santorj@spfd32.org or see: http://yourfirstdue.com/manager/data/1252985401/File/student_ffr_program_06-14-10.pdf